What exactly is Roundup Ready and what are Roundup Ready crops? ラウンドアップ is a trademark name for a patent-pending line of genetically modified crop seeds that are immune to the herbicide that is based on glyphosate called Roundup. These are referred to as ‘Roundup Ready crops’.
Who invented Roundup?
John Franz (Monsanto Chemist) first recognized Glyphosate as a herbicide within Roundup. The majority of herbicides available at that time were preemergent. They were applied prior to the growth of the crop and the weeds. Glyphosate’s post-emergent activity in controlling large numbers of grass weeds and broadleaf weeds was quite different. ラウンドアップ , along with its extraordinary environmental properties (soil activation rapid decay, low toxicity, no carry-over etc.) and toxicological properties (extremely safe for mammals and beneficial organisms) it made the product a breakthrough.
When was Roundup created?
Roundup(r) was first introduced to the market in 1974, as a broad-spectrum herbicide. It quickly became one of world’s leading agricultural chemicals. ラウンドアップ (r) was initially used on railway tracks, in ditches and on the fields between growing seasons. This enabled ranchers and farmers to control broadleaf and grass plants that had sprouted from the soil.
The Roundup Ready GMOs case was next.
https://www.roundupjp.com/ , inspired by the amazing breakthroughs in recombinant technology in the 1970s, realized the numerous benefits to farmers if Roundup was directly applied to their crops in order to reduce the weeds. Ernie Jaworski, Rob Horsch, Steve Rogers, and I began to work on this issue. In the early 1980s this team had developed the first system to insert genes in plants. Our focus shifted to the creation of virus-resistant cropsthat are insect resistant and Roundup-tolerant.
https://search.rakuten.co.jp/search/mall/%E3%83%A9%E3%82%A6%E3%83%B3%E3%83%89%E3%82%A2%E3%83%83%E3%83%97+%E3%83%9E%E3%83%83%E3%82%AF%E3%82%B9%E3%83%AD%E3%83%BC%E3%83%89/ was found that Roundup glyphosate impeded plant’s ability to produce aromatic amino acids. Roundup’s high level of mammalian safety is due to this fact. ラウンドアップ was quickly processed in the soil by microorganisms. In the mid-80s researchers discovered plant genes and microbial genes which conferred higher tolerance to herbicides. In 1987, the USDA approved the first field trial of Roundup Ready crops. It was a Roundup-resistant plant that was genetically modified to produce tomatoes that proved resistant to Roundup. After a few years, the bacteria that would become the gene that would become the Roundup Ready trait was discovered, isolated and introduced into crops.
Let’s take soybeans as an example. We will answer the questions: What are Roundup Ready soybeans? How are Roundup ready soybeans made. Roundup Ready soybeans are genetically engineered to be capable of resisting Roundup, the herbicide. These soybeans are resistant to Roundup as each soybean seed has been infected with the Roundup-ready gene prior to its planting. This allows farmers to spray their fields with the herbicide without killing their crop.
Roundup Ready crops changed agriculture and agricultural science in the year 1996. Roundup resistance was quickly adopted by farmers. Today over 90% of U.S. soybean, cotton fields and canola fields utilize a biotech trait that allows the herbicide to be tolerant. Roundup Ready crops were easy to use and enhanced weed control systems. This led to increased yields of crops. It also decreased tillage, reduced equipment costs and made harvesting more efficient because of fewer weeds. One of the environmental benefits has been the increase in the use of conservation cultivation: farmers can cut down on the use of energy as well as GHG emissions. They can also preserve soil structure, while also preserving soil structure. In 2013 it was equivalent to the removal of 28 billion kilos of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This is equivalent to taking 12.4 million vehicles off the road for a single year (Source: PG Economics).